Botany, Environmental Science, Biology Field Trip and General Biology II
I have several threads of research I am currently pursuing. All of them are tied to who I am as a biologist and teacher. As a field biologist, some of my research is limited to the summer months when plants are growing and flowering.
Prairie Plant Ecology
I studied plant species diversity in prairie communities for my Master's degree and invasive plant species in grasslands for my Ph.D. This is the area closest to my academic training. I am currently studying a reconstructed prairie at the Weldon Springs site, a Department of Energy property that is a former munitions facility. My collaborators in this research are Raymond Franson, Ph.D. and Steven Krabbe, M.S., both scientists at the Missouri Department of Natural Resources. I have also recently studied the impact of eastern red cedar (Juniperus virgiana L.) on prairie. This is research that occurs almost exclusively during the summer months.
Raymond L. Franson & Chad M. Scholes. 2011. Quantification of Prairie Restoration for Phytostability at a Remediated Defense Plant. International Journal of Phytoremediation 13:sup1, 140-153.
Scholes, C. 2008. Prairie recovery from eastern red cedar invasion. Proceedings of the Twentieth North American Prairie Conference, 20: 73-78.
I began studying the tannins from oak tissue, especially acorns and leaves, shortly after coming to Rockhurst University. I have collaborated with James Chapman and numerous undergraduate students. Most recently my students and I have been documenting the inhibitory action of hydrolysable tannins on bacteria. Previously we studied the impact of a tannin-rich diet on mealworm (Tenebrio molitor) growth and development. This is research I work on during the school year.
Selected Presentations (* indicates undergraduate researchers)
*Grant, Leah M. and *Rensch, Gage P. (Chad Scholes and James Chapman – faculty mentors) "The Effect of Oak Tannins on Gram Positive and Gram Negative Bacteria Growth," Oral Presentation at National Conference on Undergraduate Research, April 3, 2014, Lexington, KY
*Grant, Leah M., *Rensch, Gage P., *Nwachukwu, Linda U., *Weigel, Erin A., Scholes, C.M. and Chapman, J.. Department of Biology, Rockhurst University. "The Effect Of Acorn Tannins on Bacterial Growth," Oral Presentation at Missouri Academy of Science (Biology/Biochemistry Section), April 20, 2013 in Branson, MO.
*Zanaboni, Christina, *Kaela Severa, *Katheryne Scanlon and *Alan Wilson (Chad Scholes and James Chapman – faculty mentors). 2011. Antimicrobial Effects of Tannins from Several Species of Oaks. Poster presentation at National Conference on Undergraduate Research, March 31-April 2, 2011. Ithaca, NY.
*Sweeney, Matt, *Christine Cortelyou, Chad Scholes and James Chapman. 2009. Do Insects Utilize Ingested Tannins as Nutrients? Poster Presentation at National Conference on Undergraduate Research in LaCrosse, WI.
I am currently working on a project with several of my colleagues from the biology department on assessing the learning of students in our introductory biology course sequence, General Biology I and General Biology II. The main focus of the project is to understand how students learn and retain fundamental biological knowledge.
Scholes, C.M. and Felzien, L. "Determining How to Describe Undergraduate Research in a Clear and Equitable Way for Rank and Tenure Decisions," Oral Presentation at National Conference on Undergraduate Research, Faculty-Administrator Network (FAN) Session, April 4, 2014, Lexington, KY.
Felzien, L., Wills, C., Evans, E. and C. Scholes. Assessment of Learning and Retention in a First-Year General Biology Sequence. Oral Presentation at 56th Annual Meeting of ACUBE in Sheboygan, WI (October 19 2012).
Outdoor activities, Boy Scouts and reading